Карты "Торговой войны" (Инфографика)

В эти дни, в Гонолулу (Гаваи), проходит 19-я неформальная встреча стран АТЭС, лидеры стран официально, на публику, обсуждают экономические проблемы связанные с глобальным замедлением в мировой экономике. Фразы слетающие с уст лидеров ласкают уши, тем… не менее: «На войне как на войне», и без «карты местности» порой сложно расшифровать стратегические планы. Вообще создалось впечатление, что большие ребята собрались обсудить как им выбраться из спада, минуя Европейское маппет-шоу.


(Приношу извинение за графику без превью. Это временно)

Страны-участники саммита





Карта «путешествия» Обамы по азиатскому региону





APEC, АСЕАН, NAFTA,TPP




Платежный баланс в процентах от ВВП




… в милиардах




...




Госдолг к ВВП в странах участницах APEC





Население стран APEC




Транстихоокеанское соглашения о партнерстве (Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, TPP)

Весной этого года была утечка якобы черновика (Раздела о правах интеллектуальной собственности) из соглашения над которым трудились по большей степени американские лоеры. Естественно что документ разрабатывался в строгой секретности, при участии США, Новой Зеландии, Австралии, Брунея, Чили, Малайзии, Перу, Сингапура и Вьетнама. Бедолаг из развитых стран просят подписать соглашение которое касается не только авторских прав, но и затрагивает фармацефтику, химическую, сельхоз продукцию и другие. Многие воспринимают это соглашение как «торговую войну», отчасти они правы.

В прошлый раз они обещали подписать это соглашение к концу 2011 года. Так что момент настал. Ждем информацию.





Asia-Pacific FTAs (участники Солашения о свободной торговле)





 G20- Экономики в цифрах





Основные моменты выступления Обамы и Ху Цзинтао:


 U.S. PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA:


   CHINA RELATIONS: «We have created a frank dialogue with the
Chinese over the last two years that has benefited both
countries. My general view is that there can be a friendly and
constructive competition between the United States and China,
and a whole range of areas where we share common interests and
we should be able to cooperate.
    „We should be rooting for China to grow because not only
does that then present an enormous marketplace for American
businesses, American exports, but to see so many millions of
people, hundreds of millions of people lifted out of poverty is
a remarkable achievement. whether it's China, whether it's
India, these emerging countries what they're accomplishing in a
few short decades — alleviating poverty, helping ordinary
people all around the world get access to opportunity — that's
a wonderful thing that we should be rooting for, and these are
potential customers for us in the future.


   CHINA CURRENCY: “But what I have said since I first came
into office and what we've exhibited in terms of our
interactions with the Chinese, is we want you to play by the
rules. And currency is probably a good example. there are very
few economists who do not believe that the renminbi is not
undervalued. That makes exports to China more expensive and it
makes exports from China  cheaper. That disadvantages American
businesses and it disadvantages American workers.
    „We have said to them that this is something that has to
change, and by the way, it would also be good for China's
economy if they focused on their domestic market. That kind of
appreciation of their currency would help the overall balance
of payments globally, and it would increase growth in China and
would increase growth in the United States.


   INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: “For an economy like the United
States where our biggest competitive advantage is our
knowledge, our innovation, our patents, our copyrights, for us
not to get the kind of protection we need in a large
marketplace like China is not acceptable.


    GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT: „If we are allowing foreign
countries to bid on projects in the United States of America,
we want reciprocity. State owned enterprises, how they work —
all these issues I think have to be resolved. Some of them can
be resolved in multilateral forums, some of them have to be
resolved bi-laterally. I am sympathetic to the fact that a lot
of people in China who are still impoverished, and there's a
rapid pace of urbanization that's taking place there that
Chinese leaders have to work through.


   TRADE DISPUTES: “The bottom line is that the United States
can't be expected to stand by if there's not the kind of
reciprocity in our trade relations and our economic
relationships that we need.
   „So this is an issue that I've brought up with President Hu
in the past. we will continue to bring it up. There is no
reason why it inevitably leads to sharp conflict. I think there
is a win-win opportunity there but we've got to keep working
diligently to get there.
   “And in the meantime, where we see rules being broken, we'll
speak out and in some cases we'll take action. We've brought
more enforcement actions against China over the last couple of
years than had taken place in many of the preceding years, not
because we're looking for conflict, but simply because we want
to make sure that the interests of American workers and
American businesses are protected.»


    U.S. EXPORTS: «We are on track to double our exports. We
have substantially increased the amount of financing we are
providing to companies. We are starting to focus on how we can
get small and medium sized businesses plugged into the global
economy as well. For us to be a champion not only of financing
but also making it easier for them to enter into the global
marketplace is something we want to focus on.


    EUROPE: „I was pleased to see that European leaders were
taking seriously the need to not just solve the Greek crisis,
but also to solve the broader euro zone crisis. There have been
some positive developments over the last week — a new
potential government in Italy, a new government Greece, both
committed to applying the sort of internal structural reform
that can give markets more confidence.
   “There is still work to be done in the broader European
community to provide markets a strong assurance that countries
like Italy will be able to finance their debt. These are
economies that are large, they are economies that are strong,
but they have some issues that the markets are concerned about.
And that has to be addressed inside of Italy, but it's not
going to be addressed overnight. So it's important that Europe
as a whole stands behind its euro zone members. And we have
tried to be as supportive as we can providing them some advice
and technical assistance.
    „I think that we're not going to see massive growth out of
Europe until the problems are solved. And that will have a
dampening effect on the economy. But if we can at least contain
the crisis, then one of the great opportunities we have is to
see the Asia-Pacific region as an extraordinary engine for
growth.“
 
  
  CHINESE PRESIDENT HU JINTAO:

  GROWTH: „Under the current circumstances, we must be firmly
committed to maintaining and promoting stability, with a
special emphasis on ensuring growth“
   „Developed countries should fulfill their responsibilities
and obligations and take more concrete action.“


   INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ORDER:
»We need to improve the mechanism for global economic government and build an equal and more balanced model for development."
   «The new mechanism for global economic governance should reflect the changes in the world economic landscape. It should
observe the principle of mutual respect and collective decision
making and increase the representation and voice of emerging
markets and developing countries.»


   GREEN GROWTH:
   «We should actively promote the idea of green development
and respect the choice independently made by APEC members to
independently pursue green growth on the basis of their
resource endowment, stage of development and capacity.»
   «We should enhance dissemination of and cooperation in green
technology, help developing APEC Members build environmental
industries, avoid new green trade barriers and strive for
simultaneous progress in environmental protection, trade and
development.»


   CHINA'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT:
   China «should make innovation a main driver of growth.»


   TRADE:
   "(We) should uphold the multilateral trading regime and
deepen regional integration… should fulfill our
commitments, firmly oppose and jointly resist protectionism of
all forms."
   «We should advance the Doha round negotiations and endeavor
to reap an early harvest agreement within this year on giving
tariff-free, quota-free products from the least-developed
countries.»


   REGIONAL FREE TRADE:
   «China supports steady efforts to build a Free Trade Area of
the Asia Pacific on the basis of the East Asia Free Trade Area,
the Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia and the
Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership agreement, with
those achieving economic integration in the Asia-Pacific
region.»





Комментарии (3)

свернуть / развернуть
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Судя по комментам представителей других стран с этой встречи амерским юристам расширили поле деятельности за пределы США))) И ближе к июлю 2012 года им дадут команду — фас.

Да… прав был Гринспен что начнется «война за авторские права»… Пойду перечитывать в который раз «Эпоху потрясений» )))
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Красиво…
Патриция вы не могли бы обьяснить зачем РФ прошлые 10 лет брала в долг имея такой гиганский профицит бюджета? Китай я так понимаю делал тоже самое? Какая-то непонятная мне военнная хитрость.)
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С такими вопросами — в Кремль =)
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